1. A fraction must have equal parts.
2. The "top" number of a fraction is the number of parts shaded and the "bottom" number of a fraction is the total number of parts.
3. Shade a specific fraction, such as 4/10.
We also learned A LOT about fractions of a set. If you have a set of 12 cookies, students should be able to identify 1/2 of the set and 3/12 of the set at this time. They have not yet mastered identifying 1/3 or 1/4 of a set of 12, and that's OK at this point!